ქართული ღვინო/Georgian Wine

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About საქართველო - ღვინის სამშობლო/Georgia - The Homeland of Wine
Description Georgia is one of the oldest wine producing regions of the world. The fertile valleys of the South Caucasus, which Georgia straddles, are believed by many archaeologists to be the source of the world's first cultivated grapevines and neolithic wine production, over 8,000 years ago. Due to the many millennia of wine in Georgian history, the traditions of its viticulture are entwined and inseparable with the country's national identity.
Among the best-known regions of Georgia where wine is produced are Kakheti (further divided onto micro-regions of Telavi and Kvareli), Kartli, Imereti, Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti, and Abkhazia.

Grape varieties in Georgia

Traditional Georgian grape varieties are little known in the West. Now that the wines of Eastern and Central Europe are coming to international awareness, grapes from this region are becoming better known. Although there are nearly 400 to choose from, only 38 varieties are officially grown for commercial viticulture in Georgia:
Rkatsiteli (white) is a variety that is so widely grown in Eastern and Central Europe that it ranks third in the world in hectares grown.[citation needed] It is the most important grape varietiy used to make Georgian white wines. It is high in acidity and is capable of producing wines with fine character.
Saperavi (red) produces substantial deep red wines that are suitable for extended aging, perhaps up to fifty years. Saperavi has the potential to produce high alcohol levels and is used extensively for blending with other lesser varieties. It is the most important grape variety used to make Georgian red wines.
Mtsvani (or Mtsvane) (white) is also important in Georgian wines, and is often blended with Rkatsiteli to which it adds a fruity, aromatic balance. In the Georgian language Mtsvane means green.
Alexandrouli (Alexandreuli,Alexsandrouli, red)
Alexandria
Tsolikauri (white)
Tetra (white)
Mujuretuli (red)
Ojaleshi (red) is cultivated on the mountain slopes overhanging the banks of the Tskhenis-Tskali river, particularly in the Orbeli village and Samegrelo district (Western Georgia).
Usakhelauri (red) is cultivated mostly in the Zubi-Okureshi district in Western Georgia.
Izabella (red)
Tavkveri (red)
Asuretuli (red)
Cabernet Sauvignon (red)
Aladasturi (red)
Tsitska (white)
Tsolikouri (white)
Khikhvi (white) is grown in Kardanakhi.
Dzvelshava
Krakhuna
Chinuri (white)
Gibrita (red)
Manata (white)

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georgian_wine


ქართული ღვინო ისტორიით ერთ-ერთი უძველესია ევროპაში. დღეისთვის ნაპოვნი ყველაზე ადრეული ნიშნები მევენახეობისა და ღვინის წარმოებაზე მიუთითებს საქართველოში ღვინის კულტურის არსებობაზე დაახ. 7000 წლის წინ, რაც საქართველოს ღვინის სამშობლოს სტატუსს ანიჭებს.
ყველაზე განთქმული მევენახეობით საქართველოს რეგიონებს შორის არის კახეთი (რომელიც იყოფა თელავისა და ყვარელის მიკრორეგიონებად), მას მოჰყვება ქართლი, იმერეთი, რაჭა-ლეჩხუმი და ქვემო სვანეთი, ასევე აფხაზეთი.

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http://ka.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E1%83%A5%E1%83%90%E1%83%A0%E1%83%97%E1%83%A3%E1%83%9A%E1%83%98_%E1%83%A6%E1%83%95%E1%83%98%E1%83%9C%E1%83%9D
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