Pizzone, Italy

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Description Pizzone is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Isernia in the Italian region Molise, about 50 km west of Campobasso and about 20 km northwest of Isernia near the Monti della Meta chain.HistoryThe area around Pizzone has certainly been inhabited since the Neolithic period, and that has been proved by a series of lithic artifacts discovered in their respective state and currently held in a museum of Campobasso.The rocky area around Pizzone was part of a thoroughfare that ran through the Mainardi mountains. During the Samnite period, this area took on additional importance this way, linking the commercial and military touti separated by the mountains. The road, reaching S. Vito di Colli, Cerro, and crossing the path of S. Francesco, came up to Aufidena, now Alfedena. The road was certainly used by the Roman militia during the Samnite wars of the fourth century BC.In Pizzone's case, as for most other villages and boroughs in the valley, the first histories of the area were described in the Volturnense Chronicle. A few decades after the destruction at the hand of the Arab invasions of 881 AD, and at the time of the reconstruction of the Abbey of S. Vincenzo al Volturno, Fr. Raimbaldi, overlord of the area, decided to start populating the area between 935 and 981 with settlers from the land of the Marsi to which the Abbey gave plots for 29 years. The villages of Jannini, Roccasecca, Cerquacupa, and Viscurri were created from this; some of their ruins still remain.

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